Wiring in the kitchen with their own hands: wiring diagram and installation
According to statistics, the kitchen is the room with the highest energy consumption. It concentrates the third part of household electrical appliances: washing machine, dishwasher, electric oven, microwave and more. Plus, with the advent of new products, small energy-consuming appliances are added: a mixer, a bread maker, a toaster. With each purchase of an electric appliance, the load on the electrical wiring increases. If you think that replacing old outlets will improve the situation, then it is not. One day, inappropriate load wiring may not withstand power consumption, and the wiring in the kitchen will burn out. Therefore, the overhaul should begin with the replacement of wiring, which can be done by hand.
Calculate the network power
Before you start replacing the old wiring, it is necessary to determine the type of electrical network supplied to the kitchen.Usually in old apartments with a gas stove single-phase network is laid. This layout is not very good for high power consumption, since the entire load falls on one wire. More successful wiring is a three-phase connection, summed up in the kitchen with an installed electric stove. In such a system, the load is distributed over three wires, creating an additional power reserve.
In the next step, we calculate the total power of all electrical appliances planned for installation in the kitchen. This is easy to do by reading its power consumption in the instructions of each appliance. Standard energy consumption of all appliances in a modern kitchen is from 9 to 15 kW. Although at the same time all electrical devices are unlikely to work, wiring is better done with a margin of power.