Who invented the computer?
Modern man can not even livesubmit without a computer. But somewhere in the 50-ies of the 20th century people believed that the computer is only needed to calculate the flight paths to the stars. And even earlier, even a word, such a "computer" did not know. We shall plunge into history of creation of computers.
In what year did the computer
The very word "computer" matters"calculator". Already a long time ago people needed to invent a device that could automatically process data, calculate. It is very difficult to say who invented the computer and when it was invented, since you first have to decide what to count as this device for computing and data processing.
In the first half of the 19th century, Charles Babbage,English mathematician, made an attempt to create a universal computer. This analytical machine had to perform the calculations themselves without human help. But the mathematician could not complete his work, for the technique of that time it was too difficult. But thanks to him, followers received all the basic ideas.
In 1941, the German engineer Konard Zuse and in 1943 American Howard Aiken took advantage of the ideas of Babbage and still built such an analytical machine!
Who invented the computer in the modern sense
Charles Babbage can be called the firstinvented a computer, or the creator of the first prototype computer. However, ENIAC became the first really working machine that solved practical problems. This is a computer designed specifically for the needs of the army, for the calculation of ballistic tables of aviation and artillery.
In 1946, the world became aware that in the USlaunched the world's first ENIAC computer. The abbreviation stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer (Electronic Digital Integrator and Computer). About half a million dollars was spent on its construction. Above him worked about three years. The dimensions of the machine are amazing! It weighed 28 tons and consumed 140 kW of energy. Just imagine that the first computer was cooled by the Chrysler aircraft engines.
Now everything is much simpler, almost every house has a computer, and someone has not one. Some people need it for work, while for others it is communication and leisure.