Where is Nalchik - a resort town in the heart of the North Caucasus
Until the 1990s, the place where Nalchik is located was known onof the entire territory of the USSR. The city-resort by popularity was not inferior to the Caucasian Mineral Waters. In the last decade of the last century Kabardino-Balkaria squandered all its hospitality, solving ethno-confessional and political problems. Now the resort zone of the North Caucasus is experiencing a second birth. According to TurStat, in 2017 it entered the top of the fastest growing regions of Russia for domestic tourism. During the season, more than 450 thousand people visited this wonderful land.
Nalchik is located at latitude, whereItalian Florence and French Nice. The longitude neighbor is Borjomi in Georgia. From the north winds the city is protected by the Caucasian ridge, in the foothills of which lies the pearl of the region. Approximately 4 hours you can get to the sea and change the courageous mountains to the vast water spaces. To the Black Sea - to go west, the Caspian at the same distance, only from the east.
Origin of toponyms
Three centuries ago, in the place where theNalchik, the villages of the first princes of Kabarda were destroyed. According to legend, the horse of one of them lost a horseshoe in clay soil, moving on which after the rain is hard. A place that tears off the heels from the feet of horses and began to be called "Nal Shchych." In Turkic languages the suffix "chik" or "chic" is diminutive. "Horseshoe" - so you can translate into Russian the name of the city.
There is another version. It is based on a geographical location. The place where Nalchik is located is carefully guarded by mountains. From the height of the bird's flight you can see a semicircle resembling a horseshoe in shape. Nearby is the same river, also making a characteristic bend. It seems that the higher forces guard the city and foreshadow its well-being. Do I need to explain why the horseshoe is depicted on the coat of arms of the city?
What attracts tourists?
To this balneological and mountain climatic resort of Kabardino-Balkaria people go for health and rest.
Firstly, the valley where Nalchik is located,located 550 meters above sea level. The air of the foothills is not spoiled by factories and factories. They are simply not in the city. The settlement is buried in vegetation. The park "Atazhukinsky garden" is considered to be a must. It is the oldest and largest in the North Caucasus. Since the middle of the XIX century, it has grown plants from all parts of the world. If you did not know, blue fir trees planted along the Kremlin wall were brought from this garden.
Secondly, there are numerous sources of mineral water. The depth of the wells is about 1500 meters. From the bowels of the earth rises the natural elixir, which treats the diseases of the digestive tract and the genitourinary system.
Thirdly, you can take a course of mud baths from Lake Tambukan. The range of indications for use is very wide. She literally put on her feet, add health and beauty.
Local people carefully treat the age-old traditions of their ancestors and the nature of their native land. Where Nalchik is located, you can spend an unforgettable vacation with health benefits.