When was Borodino?
In the yard of 2012, which means that two hundred yearsback happened the most bloody and brutal battle of the Patriotic War of 1812. Many for the current year heard a lot on the radio and saw on television stories and stories about this war. But ask the first passer-by, who met you on the way to the store - when was Borodino? - and he will not be able to name the exact date.
The Battle of Borodino occurred on August 26 in the oldstyle (on the new September 7) in 1812 near the small village of Borodino. It is very near Moscow - 124 kilometers to the west. After the Russian army left Smolensk, a retreat began to the Russian capital. August 22 (September 3) Russian fighters stopped at Borodino. It was here that Kutuzov, the commander-in-chief of the Russian army, decided to fight the Emperor of France.
The course of the battle of Borodino
The strength of the French and Russian armies was almost equal. With the sunrise on September 7, the cannonade of artillery began on both sides. The beginning of a fierce and bloody battle was laid.
Soon the French seized the village of Borodino andput up batteries of artillery there. Napoleon tried with all his might to suppress the defense of the Russians. In the end, he managed to do it, but the human losses were enormous. Then came the attacks on the left flank of the Russian army and its center. The fire of four hundred guns of the enemy forced Kutuzov to transfer part of his right flank to the center. And this maneuver did not allow the enemy to break through the center. When night fell, both armies left the battlefield.
There are different assessments of historians about humanlosses on both sides. When it was Borodino, the French estimated theirs at 28 thousand people, and the Russians in 50 - 58 thousand people. Russians lost under Borodino a total of about 46 thousand people, and 29 general officers.
Results of the battle
According to the initial plan, the Russians shouldwere to continue the battle, but there were no strong reserves, the soldiers' ranks were upset. Kutuzov left the battlefield and led his army to Moscow. In historical science there are different estimates of the outcome of this battle. But, perhaps, the main thing that showed and revealed this battle is the absolutely distinct crisis of Napoleon's strategy about the decisive battle of the general. The French failed to destroy the Russian army. Russia did not capitulate. And the courage, heroism and courage of Russian soldiers still sound in the ages!