Ramadan in 2019
The month of mercy and forgiveness, the month of purification, one of the five pillars of faith - Ramadan. This is the time of traditional abstinence from food, adopted by all peoples professing Islam. About how many begins and ends Ramadan, about some of its traditions and features - in our article.
Month of fasting
Ramadan (some Turkic peoples pronounce Ramazan) is the name of the month of the lunar calendar, during which the faithful Muslim is obliged to keep the post - saum. This abstinence from food is not just necessary, Saum is among the five pillars of faith, the five sharia regulations that hold Islam. Therefore, Ramadan attaches great importance, and every believer should know the dates of its beginning and end.
Since Ramadan is calculated by the lunar cycle, then every year we have to calculate the time of fasting in advance. And every year, the High Mufti says which days will be dedicated to fasting.
In 2019, Ramadan begins at dawn on May 5, immediately after the morning prayer, azan.
Ramadan ends on the evening of June 3, after the evening azan.
Thus, the duration of the post in 2019 will be exactly 30 days.
Like many religious holidays with a rich history, Ramadan is distinguished by a multitude of traditions and customs, on which all believers insist on exact and unquestioning observance.
Every day of fasting begins with pronouncing niyata - intention. Translated from Arabic, Niyit sounds approximately like "I intend to observe (accomplish) fasting Ramadan in the name of Allah." If you do not read the morning intention, this day of fasting is considered not to be observed; subsequently, the faithful must fill the missed day by holding a fast at any other time or by giving alms to the needy. It is allowed to pronounce Niyat not only in Arabic, but in any other language understood by the believer, because the intention is not just words, it is the dictates of the heart.
After the pronouncement of niita, suhur follows — morning fasting, a meal taken before prayer. Suhour also belongs to the number of mandatory actions during the post, but his pass is not considered a violation of Ramadan.
In the modern tradition, Suhour is a breakfast, which you need to eat before dawn, more precisely, before sunrise.There are no restrictions on products that can be consumed - in Ramadan, only a restriction on the time of eating is established. The daily fasting begins with the reading of a prayer called Fajr.
With the sunset the evening comes - the time of the obligatory prayer, called the Maghrib. Immediately after sunset, you can start dinner. Iftar - evening breaking - begins with dates and ordinary cold water. Delaying the evening meal at a later time is undesirable. After the meal, be sure to read two short prayers-dua, symbolizing the prayer and gratitude for the past day.
The fast itself, the period between the morning and evening prayers, is a time of purification, curbing passions, humility, and doing good deeds. The main thing in Ramadan is a sincere desire to maintain purity, and not only external: internal purity is more important, but it is much more difficult to refrain from committing sins.
For whom is fasting a mandatory action?
- For adults (children do not have to fast on Ramadan)
- For Muslims (those who do not believe in Allah do not fast this month)
- For those who are healthy in body and soul (mentally ill people and those who are cured during Ramadan are relieved from fasting).
Who is exempt from fasting?
- Old men
- Travelers, that is, those who are far from home
- Fighting with the enemy
- Nursing and pregnant women (although if a woman is confident that abstinence does not threaten her health or the health of the child, she can fast)
- Women who have had critical days
In addition, it is allowed to drink or take a small amount of food in the days of Ramadan in the event that fasting threatens health or if a person feels very bad, even to severe weakness and loss of consciousness.
The ban on eating in Ramadan can be called absolute. But besides food, a few more actions are banned - smoking (and drugs), taking medicine, intimate petting (sex) in any form. Violates the post-intentional non-reading, caused by vomiting, all kinds of amusements.
However, if the fasting person took food or water by accident or if he was forced, then such an act would not be considered a violation of Ramadan. In addition to casual eating there are several actions that do not violate the post:
- Injections (administration of drugs with a syringe);
- Kisses and caresses (not sex), adopted in the family;
- Failure to read prayers;
- Brushing your teeth if toothpaste and foam does not get inside;
- Vomiting, if it is not caused on purpose;
- Blood donation;
- Accidental ingestion of rain or snow;
- Accidental ingestion of objects that are not food (for example, swallowed a pebble, dirt, paper);
- Rinsing or rinsing the nose and mouth, in which water accidentally gets inside.
For all these actions committed during Ramadan, it is supposed to make a refund - to fast the missed day at any convenient time until the next Ramadan.