What is bilirubin?

Many bilirubin can be known from blood tests. More precisely, the word can be known, but what is bilirubin, what role does it play in our body? Let's try to understand.

Bilirubin: Definition

Let's begin the definition of what bilirubin is, with the translation of the word. It came from the Latin language and includes two parts: bilis - translates as bile and ruber, which means - red.

Thus, bilirubin is one of the biliarypigments, a substance that occurs in the body during the breakdown of hemoglobin in red blood cells. This process occurs in the liver, macrophages of the spleen and bone marrow.

In the blood plasma of humans and animals, it is also possible to detect a certain amount of bilirubin. In a healthy person, the concentration of this substance is 3.4 - 22.2 μMol / l.

The concentration of bilirubin can be increased bypresence of some health problems. For example, blockage of the bile ducts or liver disease (eg, hepatitis) can lead to an increase in the concentration of bilirubin in the blood, and then in the urine. This causes so-called jaundice (yellow eyeballs, skin) and darkening of the color of urine.

If your analysis shows an increased concentration of bilirubin, be sure to go through the treatment prescribed by your doctor, and also read our article on how to lower bilirubin.

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