What is a lyre?
In the explanatory dictionaries of the Russian language, the word "lyre"has several meanings. This - and stringed instrument, and the name of the currency, and the name of the constellation. So what is a lyre in the conventional sense of the word? You will learn about this from this article.
This is the name of a musical instrument (stringplucked by nature) or its other name is a chordophone. It has a resonating body of round or rectangular shape, two handles, a crossbar and strings, usually of the same length. Lira - the oldest tool, common in Greece. The surviving fragments found by archaeologists date back to 4500 BC.
It is interesting that in Ancient Greece and Rome thisa word called many stringed instruments. The easiest of them - helis - with a shell of tortoise shell, covered with skin of an ox, and served as a prototype of the lyre, commonly known today. She had seven strings made from sheep's guts. By the way, among citizens of Ancient Rome it was considered obligatory to be able to play on this instrument (such an object was even included in the education system).
Lira - is even until recently the nationalcurrency of Italy. And now - Turkey. In some Arab countries, in local languages, monetary units are also called lyres. The concept itself comes from the name of the weight measure of the pound of the troy, which was used earlier for hanging silver.
This small constellation in the Northernhemisphere (between Swan and Hercules). The main bright star is Vega, which forms one of the vertices of the Summer Triangle. Also in this constellation is the Nebula "Ring".
On the interpretation of other definitions and words of the Russian language you can read in the Definitions section.