Tips for gardeners and gardeners: how to cut grapes in spring
Grapes - a wonderful plant that pleases usdelicious berries, fine wine and compotes, juices, raisins and other extremely useful, medicinal food. However, behind the vine, as well as for any plant, it is necessary to carefully look after and necessarily to carry out annual pruning.
Pruning in the spring
Of course, even the most experienced owner, onthe household plot of which this culture grows, absolutely everything about grapes can not know. However, the basic information to take into account it is simply necessary, otherwise instead of an abundant harvest of such a sad-gardener expect pathetic grapes with small acidic berries. First of all, remember: the vine has a large reserve of vital forces. And if the growth of it to start on its own, the branches of bushes very quickly turn into a real forest of lianas. Yes, and dry twigs, twigs will clog the plant, contributing to its wildness. That is why one of the main sanitary measures for caring for cultivated varieties is obligatory spring pruning.
How to cut grapes in spring? There are rules for this:
- the event is held before in the vinesactive sap movement will begin. In each region where the grapes grow, this period comes in different ways. Than the area to the south, the earlier there comes the rise in air temperature, the general warming and awakening of plants from winter "hibernation". On an average, planning when and how to trim the grapes in the spring, focus on the end of March - early April. It is important that the vine is already "awake", otherwise it will be difficult to distinguish dead, dry branches from living, suitable for growth and harvest;
- the type of pruning often depends on whichage grape bushes. If young, then one of the main tasks of the event is to form their correct form, so that each bush is evenly illuminated by the sun, received the necessary dose of light and heat. Therefore, when processing a young plantation and choosing how to cut grapes in the spring, use either fan technology or cordon. The fan is applied if the plant is one year old. Experts select on each bush several vines, the most powerful, viable, and cut them into 3 "knees". The remaining shoots are completely cut off. Due to this selection, the vines grow strong and give abundant in the number and weight of bunches of grapes. And he ripens well. The following year, the whole procedure of how to cut grapes in spring, is repeated the same way;
- cordon technique guides the husbandman,to form one full-fledged "sleeve" near the bush. Those. Only one branch is left on the bush, the strongest, the healthiest. It is cut off along the length of the mature, mature part. On the vine itself, all the lower shoots are cut off, like a possible young growth. Before you cut the grapes in the spring, on the branches carefully inspect the kidneys - they should be located at a distance of 30 cm from each other. Next spring, each such "sleeve" is cut off by 2 more knee-joints. And 2 upper shoots are left for fruiting. The others are cut off;
- If the vineyard consists of bushes, fruit bearing5 and more years, each of them is circumcised - thus the culture is rejuvenated, and the yield increases. First, you should get rid of those branches that have already completed the fruiting cycle. From their "nest" new shoots will appear, which will give good clusters. Secondly, it is necessary to cut off too weak branches - they will only take away from the bush the strength, and the harvest will yield a weak one. Too thick branches, too, have outlived themselves - the bunches on them may not grow at all, and the juices from the entire plant they will be pulled on themselves. All other shoots are cut to 3-4 "knee" - to the largest, well-formed kidney. Naturally, the procedure respects all the basic techniques.
In order to carry out spring pruningcorrectly, it is important not only to correctly choose the time interval and technology. How the vine will carry the operation, how long it will heal or hurt - depends on the garden tool. Garden shears or pruners must be sharp, without rust, and the cut must be smooth and smooth.