Posts in 2018: Orthodox and Catholic
Fasting in religious practice is a temporary abstinence from those or other aspects inherent in a person’s worldly existence. Most often, this abstinence is caused by abstaining from the use of various types of food or beverages. This publication will examine posts in 2018 in the Christian tradition among Orthodox believers and Catholics.
The essence of fasting in Orthodoxy
Fasting in Orthodoxy is an ascetic practice aimed at restricting carnal pleasures in order to cultivate spiritual growth and initiation into the divine industry. There are three types of fasting:
- Body (physical) - a temporary rejection of the use of food of a certain kind.
- Mental (emotional) - a temporary rejection of the pleasures derived from the outside world. Achieved by the practice of solitude, a vow of silence, and so on.
- Spiritual - a temporary rejection of the manifestations of its animal nature (bodily lusts).Achieved by prayer practitioners and fellowship with God.
It is desirable to combine all types of fasting. However, bodily fasting is obligatory for lay believers, and other types of restrictions are associated with the monastic way of life. Below will be presented all the Orthodox posts in 2018.
Calendar of Orthodox posts in 2018
- Christmas post. It begins on November 28, 2017 and lasts until January 7, 2018. It is divided into three parts with a tendency to increase restrictive practices in the use of food. The first part: from November 28, 2017 to December 19, 2017 - on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays and Sundays, it is permissible to eat fish and fish products. The second part: from December 20, 2017 to January 1, 2018 - fish is allowed, only on Saturdays and Sundays. The third part: from January 2, 2018 to January 7, 2018 - a complete rejection of fish and other food of non-plant origin.
- Great post. It begins on February 19, 2018 and ends on April 7, 2018. Consists of seven weeks of the main post and four weeks of preparatory bodily and spiritual practices. Lent is considered basic in religious practice and involves the most stringent restrictions.Each week has its own prescriptions regarding limitations and a sacred meaning, which allows believers to better study the lives of the saints and the Savior and to join the divine.
- Apostolic post. It will begin on June 4, 2018 and will last until July 11, 2018. Monday, Wednesday and Friday limit themselves to eating food raw and without adding oil. Tuesday and Thursday gives indulgence associated with the ability to eat boiled food of vegetable origin, seasoned with vegetable oil. On weekends, you can treat yourself to fish and / or fish dishes, as well as bring some wine to the meal. It is considered less stringent than Lent, despite the fact that in one of the first mentions in Christian treatises, this post acted as a compensatory analogue of the Great. In this regard, the above restrictions on the types of food on certain days of the week are not mandatory, but recommendatory. It is important only to adhere to the following restrictions: Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday - no dairy and meat products. And on Wednesday and Friday it is necessary to exclude fish from the diet.
- Assumption post. It begins on August 14, 2018 and lasts until August 28, 2018. This two-week post requires observance of the following restrictions: Monday, Wednesday, Friday — malnutrition, other days of the week — refusal from milk, meat, fish and wine.
- A strict post in memory of the death of John the Baptist. Lasts one day and falls on September 11, 2018. Recommended malnutrition. If it is impossible to comply with the recommendations allowed
- A strict post in honor of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross. Lasts one day and falls on September 27, 2018. The instructions are identical to the previous one-day post.
- Epiphany Christmas Eve. Lasts one day and falls on January 18, 2018. The instructions are identical to the previous one-day post.
- Every Wednesday except solid weeks. The main is the refusal of meat and meat products, if not given more stringent regulations.
- Every Friday except solid weeks. Recommendations are identical to the previous item. In the continuous week allowed the use of milk, fish and meat throughout the week.
Essence of fasting in catholicism
The general concept of fasting in a Catholic denomination is usually divided into two parts: direct post and abstinence.Fasting is a reduction in the number of meals taken during the day (recommended once, but allowed twice in the morning and evening). Abstinence is a refusal to eat meat and meat products (in certain areas where the church is located, abstinence from milk and dairy products may also be prescribed).
Calendar of Catholic posts in 2018
- Advent. It starts on December 2, 2018 and ends on December 24, 2018. It acts as an analogue of the Nativity Fast in the Orthodox Christian tradition. Preparation time for one of the main Christian holidays. First of all, it involves the performance of good merciful deeds. Abstinence and fasting associated with eating are advisory in nature.
- Great post. It begins on February 11, 2018 and ends on April 1, 2018. Ash Wednesday, as the first day of spiritual and ascetic practices preceding Easter, implies fasting and abstinence. Similar recommendations exist for the following days of Lent: all Fridays and Saturdays (the shelter of Great Saturday - this must be observed only until 12:00 pm).Fasting without the need for abstinence is expected from Monday to Thursday.
- All Fridays of the year, with the exception of the days of commemoration of the main saints in the Catholic tradition, are a time of abstinence. In the spiritual aspect, days are dedicated to merciful affairs and memories of the Passion of Christ.
- The limitations of the four seasons. It is supposed to be three days devoted to the spiritual-ascetic practices of repentance and fasting, which fall on Wednesday, Friday and Saturday. The days are chosen by the believers themselves or are set by the priest.
- Post Eucharistic. Associated with the recommendation of a complete refusal of food intake for one hour of the rite of communion.
Thus, the Christian calendar looks like it is associated with the spiritual and ascetic practices of the Orthodox and Catholic confessions - posts in 2018. Compliance with these regulations will strengthen the understanding of the lives of the saints and gain an understanding of the need to prevail over being. Important! Restriction in religious and spiritual practice should be cultivated with the goal of developing humility. And when you achieve the goal should not be the subject of narcissism, which can be regarded as vanity.This rule is the main key to understanding the essence of spiritual practice in religious perception.