Pensions for people with disabilities in 2019: should they wait for indexation?
In the Russian pension system, something is constantly changing, and this applies not only but also to people with disabilities. Let us see how the disability pension is calculated now and what news in this area the 2019 year can bring.
Rosstat this year counted 12.1 million people with disabilities in Russia, or about eight percent of the country's population. In comparison with other countries, this is not so much, but it is not proof of good health - on the contrary, the indicator is associated with a high mortality rate and laboriousness of the procedure for confirming the status of the disabled.
The law provides for several types of payments. Insurance disability pension is provided for disabled people who have at least one day of work experience. It consists of a fixed amount due to all (in 2018 it was 4,982 rubles 90 kopecks) and an incremental payment calculated on the basis of accumulated pension points.
It should be noted that the size of the fixed payment depends on the group of disability, family composition, age and a number of other factors.For example, persons with disabilities in the 1st group receive it twice as much, and persons with disabilities in the 3rd group receive half of the established amount of the pension.
Those who do not have insurance experience, as well as children with disabilities and disabled since childhood, are entitled to a social pension, the amount of which also varies depending on the group of disability. For parents of disabled children, the law establishes the possibility of early retirement pension (at 55 for men, at 50 for women).
In order to prevent the already meager payments from depreciating, the law provides for their annual indexation, that is, an increase by a certain percentage - the rate of inflation is usually taken as a basis. In this regard, the year 2019 will not be an exception: the pension for disabled people will be raised on average by 4% or so.
Insurance pensions in January will increase by about 3.7% by increasing the value of one pension point from 78 rubles 58 kopecks to 81 rubles 49 kopecks. The fixed payment will also grow - in 2019 it will be 5,123 rubles 35 kopecks.
Indexing social pensions is traditionally waiting for Russians in April. According to the deputy chairman of the board of the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation, Alexander Curtin, they will grow by at least 3.9% and amount to:
- from 12,430 rubles - for disabled children and disabled children from the 1st group;
- from 10 360 rubles - for disabled people of the 1st group, disabled from the childhood of the 2nd group;
- from 5 180 rubles - for disabled persons of the 2nd group;
- from 4,400 rubles - for disabled people of 3 groups.
The package of social benefits and the minimum level of social benefits will also slightly increase during the annual recalculation of the retirement minimum subsistence level.