Passover (Hebrew Easter) in 2018
What is the number of Pesach in 2018? - All believers are interested in the Jews. The history of this ancient and important holiday has more than one millennium. Although the name is similar to Orthodox Easter, its meaning is different. Pesach marks the liberation of the Jews from Egyptian slavery.
Every year, Jewish Easter falls on a different date, since the Jews do not use the Gregorian calendar, but the lunar calendar. This celebration is celebrated on the first (rarely the second) full moon at the vernal equinox.
In 2018, this phenomenon falls on Saturday, March 31. The last day of the first month of spring is the date of the beginning of Pesach. The holiday will be celebrated seven days, until April 7.
Features of the Pesach holiday in 2018
On Pesach, believers gather with the whole family at the table, hold a traditional ceremony, remember the difficult fate of the Jewish people, thank the Almighty for their blessings. For this holiday begin to prepare for a few days. According to religious law, it is believed that by the first day of the celebration of Passover there should not be anything leavened in the house. That is, no products, during the preparation of which, the fermentation process was used.
Therefore, the housewives carefully clean the house and remove all the remnants of Hametsa (kvass products). This prohibition arose for a reason. According to the Torah, when the Jews left Egypt (and they did it hastily), they did not have time to bake leaven bread on the road. Consequently, they took to the road cakes, made from not yet risen dough. Therefore, matzoh, which is allowed to use during Easter week, is not just a traditional dish, but another symbol of the deprivation that the Jewish people had to go through.
The main traditions of Jewish Passover:
- The ban on the use of kvass culinary products. It is believed that throughout the whole celebration there should not even be bread crumbs in the house.
- Strict post. Passover precedes the post. Though not long, it is very strict. On some days (for example, on the day of atonement) you cannot eat or drink.
- History of the holiday. On the first day of Passover, it is customary to tell children about the history and significance of this holiday.
- Dishes. In religious Jewish families there is a complete set of dishes specifically for Pesach.
- Matzo. Obligatory dish of the festive Easter feast.
The main days in Easter week are the first and the seventh days, which are necessarily considered to be days off. On the first day, it is completely forbidden to do any work. The last day of Passover personifies the transition of the sea. At this time, fragments of Torah are read near the reservoirs.
What date is the Jewish Easter in 2018, should be known to all Jews, since it is a family holiday. And, according to tradition, it is carried out in a circle of close people. On the first day of the celebration, a family dinner is arranged. According to custom, the meal begins when the sun goes down and everyone returns from the synagogue. All relatives and friends sit at the table, recite prayers, bless each other. All those in need are welcome to dinner, and those who cannot celebrate with their families.
Mistresses put festive tableware, which is used only on Passover. Often these sets are passed from generation to generation. Thereby symbolizing continuity and faith in the inviolability of age-old traditions.
On the table without fail should be:
- a cup for Elih the prophet;
- three pieces of matzah;
- bowls with salt water.
On the Pesach holiday in 2018, as every year, the hostesses will cook many different dishes. But there will be mandatory among them, which must certainly be on the festive table.Each such dish is a symbol of a certain stage of Jewish history. So, the matzo "tells" about the dough, which did not have time to ascend when the Jews hurriedly left Egypt, greens with a bitter taste - a symbol of the bitterness of slavery, the color of the paste from apples, dates, nuts and wine "speaks" about the clay from which the Jews, while in captivity, they made a brick. Lamb on the bone is a festive sacrifice, an egg is the destruction of the Temple. In the process of eating should be bitter herbs dipped in salt water. This tradition points to the tears shed in captivity, and the sea, which passed during the flight.
At the beginning of the feast, the story of Exodus is read, and only then do they begin to eat. Dinner consists of five stages (mitzvot). In the process of celebration, it is necessary to eat matzo, drink 4 glasses of wine, try maror (bitter greens), read Haggadah and laudatory psalms. The festive meal ends with the dictum: “Next year - in Jerusalem!”.