Museum-Estate Tolstoy in Yasnaya Polyana
Leo Tolstoy - writer, without creativitywhich is impossible to imagine the world literature. Today any admirer of a recognized genius can visit the place where he was born and lived most of his life. The Tolsty family estate "Yasnaya Polyana" is located in the Tula region. In the old estate preserved the situation in 1910 and opened the memorial museum of the great writer.
History of Yasnaya Polyana
In historical documents, the first mention ofThe estate, located 14 km from the modern borders of the city of Tula, dates back to 1652. In the middle of the eighteenth century the estate became the property of the Volkonsky family - the ancestors of the famous writer on the maternal line. Several generations of the bearers of the prince's family worked diligently to improve the estate. It was during the Volkonsky in the Yasnaya Polyana that gardens were destroyed, ponds were excavated, many architectural buildings were erected.
In 1828, in the family estate was born LeoTolstoy. Local nature and measured provincial life from an early age inspired the future writer. The estate of Tolstyh Yasnaya Polyana is the place where Lev Nikolaevich lived about 50 years of his life. His love for the estate, he never hid and often mentioned his native place in his works.
Life of L.N. Tolstoy in the family estate
The oldest building in the modern Yasnaya Polyana is the houseVolkonsky. At the time of Leo Nikolayevich this building (formerly the main manor house) was used for economic purposes. The Tolstoy family has reconstructed one of the outbuildings for their own living. The author's house is comparatively small in area, but at the same time incredibly cozy. Inside, it has a simple finish, and the main value in it is the extensive library of Lev Nikolaevich.
Even during life Tolstoy became famous not onlythanks to his intelligence and talent, but also to incredible philanthropy. At the estate was opened a school for peasant children. The Tolstoy Estate "Yasnaya Polyana" is a unique place where the owner was close to a simple people, like no other. Leo Tolstoy passed away in 1910. In his will, the writer indicated to bury him without any honors in the forest on the edge of the ravine. The last will of Lev Nikolaevich was fulfilled.
Yasnaya Polyana during the Great Patriotic War
After the death of Lev Nikolaevich, Tolstoy's estate was notwas plundered, as peasants from the surrounding villages respected the writer and his family. In 1921 a museum was opened in Yasnaya Polyana. To a large extent this is due to the daughter of Lev Nikolaevich Alexandra Lvovna, who became the first director of the memorial and cultural center. Despite the state status, the descendants of the great writer always dealt directly with the museum.
At the very beginning of the Great Patriotic Wara significant part of the exhibits was evacuated to Tomsk. The ancient manor was occupied by enemy troops for 45 days. The fascists inflicted considerable damage on the museum, kidnapped and spoiled many ancient objects. Restorative work was begun immediately after liberation. What is remarkable, the museum-estate of Tolstoy was opened before the war, already in 1942.
Modern history of the museum
In 1986, Yasnaya Polyana received the status ofState Memorial Museum Reserve. In the house of L.N. Tolstoy preserved the setting of the 1910 model and exhibited a lot of genuine personal belongings of the writer and his loved ones. The museum collection was included in the UNESCO Memory of the World Register. Today Yasnaya Polyana is a place that is popular among tourists from all over the world.
While visiting the museum complex, you canwalk along the landscaped territory of the estate and visit the house of Tolstoy and the house of Volkonsky. In Yasnaya Polyana, various exhibitions, festivals, festive folk festivals and other events are held regularly. Many newlyweds Tula and the region come here for a wedding photo shoot.
What does the Tolstoy Museum-Estate look like: a photo and description of the main house
The main and most interesting building of Yasnaya Polyana- house-museum of LN. Tolstoy. The internal situation fully corresponds to the time when the writer and his family lived here. The manor is decorated atypically for its period, inside the guests expects the minimum number of luxury goods. In most rooms, the walls are light and plain, and the furniture has simple shapes. The pride of the museum (and once the owner of the house) is a chic library of the writer. In addition to working and reception rooms, museum visitors will see the living rooms of Lev Nikolaevich and his family members.
Architectural ensemble and attractions of the estate
The Manor of L. Tolstoy "Yasnaya Polyana" is a whole complex of historical buildings, surrounded by a picturesque park. The Volkonsky House today is the main administrative building of the museum. In one part of it excursions for tourists are held. Kuzminsky's outhouse was once a school building, and later turned into a guest house. Today there are temporary exhibitions.
More than a century after his deaththe famous owner Yasnaya Polyana continues to live in the usual mode. On the territory of the museum complex, greenhouses and ancient stables have been preserved and are functioning, next to which is the building of the carriage shed. Not less atmospheric look and other outbuildings: coachman's, carpentry, smithy, barn, rig and garden house. The birch bridges, the favorite bench of the writer, the bathing-house are complementary to the park landscapes. The grave of the famous writer survived in the historical estate. For the convenience of tourists in the park there are signs to all local attractions.
The museum's working hours and the cost of excursions
Excursions in the territory of Yasnaya Polyana with a visitmuseums are held daily (except Mondays and Tuesdays) from 10.00 to 15.30. The ticket costs 200-300 rubles, depending on the chosen program. For those wishing to simply walk through the territory of the historic park, the entrance costs about 50 rubles. Tickets of all kinds are sold at the ticket office at the entrance. The time of the walk is unlimited, which is especially pleasant - you can take pictures for free in the manor park.
The situation is quite different when visitingexpositions in the premises. The Tolstoy Museum-Estate, the photo of which is presented in the article, keeps a lot of exhibits. Tourists take photographs inside the writers' house and Volkonsky's house is not allowed. It is also forbidden to touch most of the exhibits with hands. Despite these rules, the Tolstoy Manor is a great place to visit. To visit this unique museum will be interesting not only to fans of Lev Nikolaevich's creativity, but also to all who love picturesque natural places.