How to understand that childbirth has begun: we learn to distinguish false contractions from real ones. + 7 major harbingers of childbirth
A pregnant woman in the last month of carrying a child with trepidation, fear and impatience listens to her body and the behavior of the baby inside. Indeed, in the coming days, and maybe hours, she will meet her little miracle. Below we will talk abouthow to understand that labor began, because the occurrences are not uncommon when training fights force future moms to go to the maternity hospital and return from there with nothing.
The main thing in the article
7 main symptoms of upcoming labor
How to understand that the birth began?Of course, the birth process cannot begin in 1-2 hours, since the pregnant woman's body needs time to reorganize to a new phase of motherhood. Therefore, the birth is preceded by a certain set of changes, which helps to understand that the birth has almost begun.Such changes in medicine are called harbingers of childbirth, and they are expressed through sensations and external (internal) changes. They occur due to a sharp increase in such a hormone as estrogen, without which the generic process is impossible.
Since the body of each woman is different, in some, the first precursors may appear two weeks before the birth process, in others - only a few hours before the first contractions.
We list7 main symptomswho are able to make it clear that childbirth is already "on the threshold."
- The belly drops.
- The appetite decreases and the weight decreases.
- There are changes in the emotional state of the pregnant woman.
- Changes in fetal behavior are noted.
- The mucus plug comes off.
- False contractions and uncomfortable feelings of the woman in labor appear.
- Poured amniotic fluid.
Now consider each of the precursors in more detail.
12–18 days before birth, the baby’s head or other prelying part presses against the lower part of the uterus. She under this pressure "sags" from the abdominal cavity to the pelvic. It is visually noticeable that the stomach has dropped, and the expectant mother feels relieved, as the previously present pressure on the internal organs (stomach, liver, lungs, kidneys) decreases.True, to sit pregnant is now much more uncomfortable, and pressing the fetus on the bladder makes running "in a small way" much more often.
If the birth is not the first, then the stomach may fall before the very birth.
Decreased appetite and weight loss
On the eve of the birth process, many pregnant women refuse food. It happens on a subconscious level, sincewith an empty bowel, delivery is easier.
As for weight, then 1-2 weeks before birth, the weight decreases to 2-3 kg. This is due to the active removal of fluid from the body. Since progesterone, which previously retained fluid in the body of a pregnant woman, produces less. You may notice a decrease in swelling of the arms and legs.
Changes in the emotional state of pregnant
Often the forerunner of the beginning of childbirth becomesemotional instability pregnant.A woman becomes passive, apathetic. There is one desire - to sleep. This is due to the mood of the body, which sends a signal to the brain that it will soon take enormous efforts for the crucial moment, and you need to gain strength.
Quite often, women may give birth to a nesting instinct before giving birth, when she fanatically sets orders everywhere, preparing herself for the arrival of the baby.
Changes in fetal behavior
It is noticed that before birth the baby turns the head down and calms down, as if preparing for a future event. Motor activity decreases as the fetus has already grown to the desired size, gained the necessary weight and occupied the entire space of the uterus. His opportunities for turns are limited. It’s not worth worrying because, according to the ultrasound data, this is normal, and the little tot, “living” with the mother in her tummy, is completely healthy.
The mucus plug comes off: what it looks like
Mucus plug representslump (clot) of jelly-like tissues,which resemble egg whites. It is formed in the uterine cervix at 4-5 weeks of pregnancy. Its main purpose is to protect the fetus throughout pregnancy from all sorts of infections, fungi, bacteria, by blocking the entrance to the uterus. At the end of the gestation period, the smooth muscles of the uterus push the cork out. To understand that a cork has come out is quite simple, since its output can occur in two ways:
- one solid, viscous clot at a time;
- as smearing, heavy discharge of mucus for several days.
With regard to the release date, medicine considers it a normal traffic jam, starting at 37-38 weeks.But all individually. Some pregnant women do not even know when a cork came out, as it departs before the very process of delivery, along with the amniotic fluid. Therefore, to understand that childbirth has begun, by the discharge of cork is not always possible.
False contractions and feelings of the woman in labor
False, or as they are calledtraining boutsactively appear from 38 weeks. Pregnant feels the tone of uterine tissue, contraction, nagging pain. Quite often, a few days before the birth, false contractions occur, so the uterus “carries out the warm-up” before the crucial moment. The main thing is to understand in time the real contractions are present?
Very often, a few days before delivery, the pregnant woman feels discomfort in the lower abdomen. These are the nagging, aching pains provoked by stretching the pelvic ligaments, the prolapse of the uterus, the divergence of bone tissue.
Amniotic fluid outpouring: how it happens
The discharge of amniotic fluid is one ofthe main indicators that labor began. Most cases of amniotic fluid are accompanied by intense contractions. Of course, it happens that the waters diverge earlier, and there are no contractions yet.The main thing here is to understand what they are. Since sometimes pregnant due to lack of labor confuse them with involuntary urination.
It is also not uncommon when, with intensive contractions, water does not recede, then obstetricians punch the bladder itself. One way or another, after the discharge of water, the process of delivery becomes very close.
Learning to distinguish real fights from false
For the first time, false (training) contractions were described by a doctor Braxton-Hixan and named after him. They represent a contraction of the smooth muscles of the uterus, which do not affect the opening of its cervix, which means that the generic process has not yet begun. To understand that the time to go to the maternity hospital has come, we need to clearly distinguish the false contractions from the real ones. We list the main differences of these processes.
- false- irregular, occur spontaneously without a certain periodicity;
- the real ones- arise with the same frequency, and the gap between the cuts steadily decreases.
- false- pain and tension originates in the lower abdominal cavity;
- the real ones- the beginning of the spasm "comes out" of the lumbar region, girdles the lower abdomen,goes into the crotch zone.
- false- subside, if you lie down, change the position or take a comfortable position;
- the real ones- spasms appear with increasing and periodicity, regardless of the convenience of the occupied position.
- false- the cervix does not change its state, the fetal bladder is whole, in most cases the mucus plug is present (it can sometimes go out two weeks before delivery);
- the real ones- the mucus cap comes out, the fetal bladder bursts, causing rupture of amniotic fluid, the cervix changes (softens, becomes thinner), which leads to its opening.
Birth began, what to do?
Usually, the expected date of birth pregnant learns on the last dopler. The closer this period, the greater the trepidation of waiting for the first fights. Often, before the birth process, a woman observes 2–3 harbingers, but there are cases when there are no harbingers at all. If you think that childbirth has begun, then you should not panic, because things for the maternity hospital must have been waiting for an “occasion” for a long time. And if you have not forgotten anything, check the list from the article: What you need to take with you to the hospital.
Initially, calm down and note the time between contractions: if they repeat with “enviable” regularity, it means that the baby is ready to appear and the young mommy should go to the hospital.
If the waters are gone, then the question is -how to understand that labor began, ceases to be relevant, since it is already necessary to immediately call an ambulance and go to give birth to a small miracle.