How to sow mustard in the fall for fertilizer.
Green fertilizer is a resource that nature itself has provided. If called from scientifically, it is a siderata. Such plants that are specially grown to restore soil. After them, the soil is enriched with nitrogen and phosphorus. These substances will feed the plants in the future season.
We recommend planting mustard after harvesting, to restore nutrients to the soil, especially in greenhouses, and suggest how to sow mustard in the fall for fertilizer.
What to use for green fertilizer
Sideration is actively used in organic farming. As fertilizers choose plants that quickly germinate, and then in a short time gaining a green mass. But we must remember that the humus from plants is obtained only if there is enough water in the soil. If it rains rarely, then the growing and sloping siderat will have to be watered by hand.
Popular plants - sideratami are: legumes (for example, peas) and lupine, rye and vetch, as well as white mustard. The latter is the most interesting culture from a technical point of view.Sowing mustard to fertilize the soil in the fall in recent years is gaining momentum.
This fact is explained by the fact that it is not inferior to manure in its qualities. After all, it contains phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium. A quarter of the mass of mustard falls on organic matter.
Those who like planting mustard in the fall as fertilizer should be aware of its characteristics. This crop loves light and moist soil. Vegetation mustard does not stop at low temperatures. They continue to grow at 3-4 degrees Celsius. And it will not freeze when the frost is 5 degrees.
Positive and negative aspects of planting mustard as a fertilizer for the garden in the autumn
The main advantage of this siderata is simplicity in cultivation, as well as high efficiency. The remaining advantages of mustard can be identified in the list:
- fast germination; greens will appear for 3-4 days;
- seeds do not need to be prepared;
- Mustard has long roots that loosen the soil well;
- this siderat provides erosion prevention;
- the green mass covering the earth protects it from freezing;
- the burning taste of sulfur compounds scares away the bear, the larvae of the cockchafer and slugs.
However, mustard has a number of drawbacks, which are experienced gardeners. Among them are the following:
- transition to a garden weed; This situation arises if you do not cut the mustard for a long time, then it coarsens and blooms, and the seeds remain in the soil;
- restrictions in use; if it is planned to sow radishes, turnips or cabbage in the garden, then mustard must not be grown there.
When to plant mustard as a fertilizer in the fall?
- Beginning of September.Planting in the fall is possible immediately after harvest. Mustard grows well in large areas of the garden, for example, after potatoes or cereals. This siderat will have enough time to grow. Then the greens will need to mow to use for its intended purpose.
- Early October.These landings usually remain on the ground, because they freeze and fall on the beds.
- End of october.This sowing of mustard in the fall for fertilizer is used to obtain spring shoots. After ripening, it is necessary to cut them and add them to the compost pit.
How to plant mustard to fertilize the soil in the fall?
If there is not a lot of seeds and you need to spend them sparingly, then you will have to make grooves on free beds.The distance between them is supposed to do about 10-15 centimeters. In a situation where you want to grow more green fertilizer in a small area, you can use a simpler sowing method. Seeds just need to be scattered over the soil surface. If you compare these two methods of sowing, the second will give twice the green mass with the same area.
Before sowing mustard in the fall for fertilizer, it is necessary to make sure that the soil is sufficiently moist. During dry weather the beds will have to be moistened. And crops regularly watered
The depth at which the white mustard is planted as fertilizer in the fall should be no more than 1.5 centimeters. For a soil rich in clay, this value is reduced to 1 cm. This depth can be achieved if the bed with sowing rakes is easily “brushed”.
Usually it is recommended to spend up to 250 grams of mustard per hundred. But in the areas affected by the wireworm it is recommended to increase this number.
A month later, the beds with sideratom will turn green. Mustard will grow to 15 cm. Now is the right time to cut fertilizer. Mustard can be mowed or use a flat cutter.And immediately put the fertilizer in the soil. To enhance the beneficial properties of green manure, it is recommended to pour it with preparations with beneficial microorganisms. It can be Baikal or Shining. It will be good if the bed then cover with foil.
Most gardeners who have tried using mustard as a fertilizer sow it throughout the season. This siderat grows well in between rows. Where it is cut from time to time and embedded in the soil to sow a new one.