How to determine the load-bearing wall?
If you want to reschedule your apartment, thenit is very important not to touch the load-bearing wall. It is worth noting that houses usually have different structures (houses panel, brick, block, monolithic, mixed construction). If you have already painted all the beauty of your home in your mind, then it's worth remembering that if you touch a load-bearing wall in an apartment, it can lead to extremely negative consequences: from the penalty to the destruction of the house. So how to determine the load-bearing wall?
Houses made of bricks
Usually we see such houses as prettyold construction. Built at least thirty, and even more years ago. The construction of such houses is as follows: the outer walls are bearing, as well as the longitudinal wall inside the house that separates the apartments. The thickness of such a wall in a similar house is not less than thirty centimeters. All the remaining walls in the house are not bearing. The houses that were built in perestroika and later are a separate story. You should apply for schemes at home, they will show you how to recognize the load-bearing wall. In such houses, it is not recommended to define the load-bearing wall "by eye", it is probably better to hire a specialist who will accurately find the right answer to this question.
Houses by type monolith
These houses are very interesting in that the general schemethey have no construction, so you should find specialists to solve the problem of determining the load-bearing wall. We can only add that what is usually inside the building of bearing walls is not, but there are no less important supporting columns. Therefore, be careful, if you are doing a redevelopment in such a house, you can violate its integrity.
Block and panel houses
Block and panel houses are a tribute to fashion onconstruction in Soviet times. Therefore, you can easily find a load-bearing wall in such a dwelling without much effort. How do you know which walls are bearing? Very simple. Projects of similar buildings are in ZhEKe. And if you did not find them, then it does not matter. You can certainly turn to a specialized firm, but there is a possibility to solve the problem in another way. In such houses, load-bearing walls are inside the building, although there are external walls. And the load-bearing walls in such buildings are usually inter-apartment and by standard all such walls are perpendicular to the outside. You can also determine such a wall by its thickness. In a panel house, the thickness of the bearing wall must be at least fourteen centimeters. Notice that, as usual, the walls in the plumbing cabin are carriers.
If you want to make yourself an arch or a big onethe opening between the rooms and this will affect the load-bearing walls in the house, then this should be done only after you have agreed on the project of strengthening the bearing walls in the required bodies. The project calculates what load can carry the load-bearing walls, and this will guarantee a quiet life for you and your neighbors in your home.