How is hepatitis C transmitted?
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Hepatitis C is a dangerous infectious diseaseliver, caused by the virus. To protect themselves and their loved ones from this disease, everyone should clearly understand how hepatitis C is transmitted and what can be done to protect himself from it.
Where and how can you get hepatitis C?
The main way of transmission is through the blood. Thus, you can get infected in such situations:
- When performing tattoos and piercings with items on which the blood of an infected person remains.
- In everyday life, you can get infected through sharing personal hygiene items: a razor, a toothbrush, manicure tools.
- In hospitals in the dental office, withcarrying out mass vaccination, blood transfusion. Infection can occur in case of poor compliance with sanitary standards or poor blood testing (with transfusion).
- There is a high risk of contracting the injection of injecting drugs through a common needle.
Is hepatitis C transmitted sexually?
The probability of infection through sex is small - 3-5%. If partners keep each other faithful, then the chance of transmission of the virus is minimal. However, it grows in the case of a large number of sexual partners, as well as casual sexual relationships. The question of how possible the transmission of infection through oral sex has not yet been studied well enough.
Carriers of the virus or people who have sex with a hepatitis patient should use condoms.
Is hepatitis C transmitted from mother to child?
The chance of transmission of hepatitis from a sick mother to a fetusis 5%. A child can get sick during childbirth. Unfortunately, it is still not known how to completely prevent infection in this case. However, mostly children are born healthy.
Also, there is no data on the transmission of the virus to the childat thoracal feeding. If the mother is a carrier or is sick and she has skin lesions on the chest or bleeding, then you need to give up breastfeeding.
How is the hepatitis C virus not transmitted?
- Airborne droplets. You can not get infected by talking, through saliva, in case of sneezing.
- In most household contacts, this virus alsonot getting through. This includes hugs, handshakes, sharing of utensils and food. In domestic situations, infection is possible only if the patient's blood gets into the blood of a healthy person.
Who is at risk of contracting hepatitis C?
People at risk shouldtake tests to check for a virus. The main test that is done for testing is antibodies to the hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV). In some cases, this analysis may give incorrect results: indicate the disease when it is not, or show the absence of the disease when it is. A more detailed examination is required to accurately determine the presence of the disease.
Hepatitis C and convalescence
You can get hepatitis C, and then recover. The probability of such a cure is 10-20%. It is also possible to become a carrier of the virus - it develops in the body, but does not harm its "master". However, such a person can infect another, who then develops the disease.
You can get infected, then recover and get sick again. If a person has had hepatitis C, this does not give him immunity to the disease in the future.
Unfortunately, the majority of patients get chronic hepatitis (about 70% of patients). All infected people should be under the constant supervision of a doctor.
What should a patient observe with hepatitis C?
- You can not be a donor of blood and body organs.
- It is not necessary to use common objects that can become the means of transmission of infection (razors, epilators, manicure tools, toothbrushes).
- Be sure to treat skin damage andcover them with plasters and bandages. If an infected person needs the help of another person, then the caregiver must first wear medical gloves.
Hepatitis C virus can live in an environment up tofour days, therefore, wherever the blood of an infected person has got, it is necessary to treat with a disinfectant solution. It can be, for example, a solution of bleach in a ratio of 1: 100. The clothes, stained with blood, are washed at a temperature of 60 degrees for at least 30 minutes.