Conjugation of verbs in English: categories and features

In the language of the famous England there is agrammar, which is related to the theme of verbs and their changes and use in different times. All times in the language of 16, but 9 of them are the most used and studied. Verbs in a language differ in representable meanings: conditioning the state or the action of any people or inanimate objects. Therefore, there is a difference in personal and non-personal forms. So, the personal form is marked by the fact that in the role of the predicate in the sentences it can be conjugated. But it should be emphasized that the conjugation of verbs in English is directly dependent on the changes in forms and the use of certain categories.

Categories and forms

A verb in a language denotes an action, a changeposition of a person or object. Personal forms in texts take the role of a predicate, provided that there is a subject, prescribed by a pronoun or noun. They have categories of person, number, time, type, pledge, inclination. Conjugation of verbs in English depends largely on all words in the sentence.

conjugation of verbs in English

The category of the face includes three categories.The first person is I, we, to 2 persons - you, to 3 persons - he, it, she, they. In Present Tense (present-day), the plural form of the second person has practically supplanted the use of the singular.

Number: plural and single.

The heaviest section, which holds a large amount of material for study, is time. The designation of the action is used - the period of speaking.
The view (Aspect) transmits the actual presence of an action or state in a specific time period.

The voice (Voice) demonstrates the function of the action, subject to the role of the performer, or, conversely, the object over which the action takes place.

conjugation of verbs in English

Mood shows a relationship based on the pattern action - reality.

The verb to be

Conjugation of verbs in English onthe initial stage begins with the root and most used verb in the language - to be. This verb is translated as "to be, exists, is". For correct and linguistic use of the verb in conversation and writing, it is necessary to know the conjugation of verbs in English. The table of conjugations in different time forms is presented below.

time

Form in units. h.

Form in many places. h.

Examples

Present Simple

Am / is

are

I am a doctor. He is a doctor. We are doctors.

Past Simple

was

were

I was a doctor. He was a doctor. We were doctors.

Future Simple

will be

will be

I will be a doctor. He will be a doctor. We will be a doctor.

The table shows that the use of the verb to be often changes forms when conjugated. This is the basics of the language. They must be studied at the very beginning of the training.

The verb to have

Conjugation of verbs in English hasdistinctive features. An example of differences with many languages ​​is the presence of verbs with exceptional patterns of use, which vary depending on the number and kind of the noun. The most common verbs are to have. Translated as "have, have." In the Present Simple, the verb to have gets the distinctive form only in units. including the third person. This form is has.

Example: I have a book. They have a book.You have a book. But: He has a book. She has a book. In the Past Simple, the verb to have has one form had for 1,2 and 3 persons in the plural and singular: They had a book. You had book. She had a book.

conjugation of irregular verbs in English

Correct and irregular verbs

Verb forms differ by the way in whichthe form of the past tense is formed, more commonly known as the second form, and also the form of the participle Past Simple, or the third form. The conjugation of irregular verbs in English differs from the conjugation of the right verbs. When the correct verbs change, there are no special questions and problems, forming II or III forms. You just need to add the ending -ed to the initial form. Difficulties arise when reading and forming these forms.

Wrong verbs are those verbs II orThe third form is formed in a heavier way. They need to be memorized in order to properly use them in speech and be understood. There is a table of conjugations of irregular verbs, where all the verbs and their forms are collected. The problem is this: these are very common verbs, not knowing the forms presented in the table, it will be hard to explain with a foreigner.



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