Causes of cerebral palsy
Such a diagnosis, like infantile cerebral palsy,frightens many parents and sounds like a sentence. But do not give up. It is necessary to identify the causes of cerebral palsy, which lead to impaired motor functions of the baby. In most cases, it is impossible to single out only one reason, we should talk about a combination of several unfavorable factors that took place during pregnancy and during childbirth.
Modern research has shown that in 80%cases when the diagnosis of infantile cerebral palsy is made, the causes are associated with brain damage during intrauterine development of the fetus. Later, intrauterine pathology can become complicated intrapartum. However, in almost a third of cases, it is not possible to establish the causes of the birth of children with cerebral palsy. In modern medicine, more than 400 factors affecting the development of the fetus are described. In 70-80% of cases, the main cause of cerebral pathology is hidden in the impact on the brain of several harmful factors. We list them.
What influences the development of cerebral palsy
- Hypoxia of the child. Oxygen starvation, in the womb or after birth, leads to underdevelopment of the brain structures of the baby, especially those areas that are responsible for maintaining the balance of the body and the formation of reflex mechanisms. Because of this, the muscle tone is incorrectly distributed in the skeleton, and pathology of motor reactions arises.
- Birth trauma. Such trauma only in a small number of cases is the only cause of damage to the child's brain. In most cases, the existing pathology of the child, which is due to intrauterine damage, determines the severity of the birth.
- Hemolytic disease of newborns. Due to this "nuclear jaundice", the fetal brain is intoxicated. The cause of jaundice may be the incompatibility of the blood of the mother and child in the group or the Rh factor, and the liver failure of the newborn.
- Diseases of the mother. Such diseases as: hypertension, anemia, obesity, heart defects, rubella, diabetes mellitus, can cause cerebral palsy. Other risk factors include taking certain medicines during pregnancy, stress, alcohol, trauma, viral infections that were carried during pregnancy.
- Complications of pregnancy and childbirth. These factors include threats of interruption, toxicosis and immunological incompatibility of mother and child.
- Complications of childbirth. In the presence of intrauterine pathologies in the fetus, childbirth is often severe and protracted. Conditions are created for the occurrence of head trauma and asphyxia in the fetus, which causes an additional disorder of the already affected brain. Premature birth is most dangerous for the development of paralysis.
- Ischemic stroke. These diseases, received in utero or during labor, also lead to the development of cerebral pathology. It is interesting that boys are more likely to have cerebral palsy, and their disease is more difficult.